James Paul Gee
Gee, J. P. (2015). The New Literacy Studies, in Rowsell, J., & Pahl, K. (2015). The Routledge handbook of literacy studies. (pp.35-48), London: Routledge.
Publication year: 2015

‘The New Literacy Studies’ (sometimes just referred to as the NLS) names a body of work that started in the 1980s (Brandt and Clinton 2002; Gee 2000b; Hull and Schultz 2001; Pahl and Rowsell 2005, 2006; Prinsloo and Breier 1996; Street 1993, 1997, 2005). This work came from linguistics, history, anthropology, rhetoric and composition studies, cultural psychology, education, and other areas (e.g., Barton 1994; Barton and Hamilton 1998; Bazerman 1989; Cazden 1988; Cook-Gumperz 1986; Gee 1987; Graff 1979; Gumperz 1982a, 1982b; Heath 1983; Kress 1985; Michaels 1981; Scollon and Scollon 1981; Scribner and Cole 1981; Street 1984, 1995; Wells 1986; Wertsch 1985). The work not only came from different disciplines but was written in different theoretical languages that never became unified. Nonetheless, such work seemed to be converging on a shared view about literacy.