James Paul Gee
Gee, J. P. (2015). Three paradigms in reading (really literacy) research and digital media. In Reading at a Crossroads?: Disjunctures and Continuities in Current Conceptions and Practices (pp. 35-44). Taylor and Francis Inc..
Publication year: 2015

I will first briefly discuss two related paradigms for studying reading and writing “literacy”). The first I will call “the social practice paradigm”; the second I will call “the language development paradigm.” I will contrast these two with what I will call “the mental processes paradigm.” Then, in discussing the ways in which digital media are transforming literacy, I will introduce another paradigm which I will call “the situated/embodied meaning paradigm.” I use the term “paradigm” loosely and non technically in the sense of a philosophical or theoretical framework.